Tudomány és technológia Magyarországon


Since 1905 Hungary has produced 13 Nobel laureates. 11 of these fall within the “science” category of physics, chemistry and medicine. For a country whose present population stands at around 10 million this is an extraordinary achievement. In fact in terms of science Nobel prizes per capita Hungary would rank 12th in the world, just below the United States. Hungarian inventions range from the electric motor and the nuclear reactor to the Rubik’s cube. The Budapest University of technology and economy is considered the world’s oldest institute of technology with a university structure. Yet in popular perception “Eastern Europe” is seen as technologically backward compared the western half of the continent. Why is this so? Entrenched stereotypes are difficult to challenge. In Hungary’s case this might be down to multiple factors: Its period behind the iron curtain with all the propaganda that entailed on both sides, its small size and its comparative isolation. Situated in the heart of Europe, its inhabitants speak a Uralic language that shares little in common with the romance, Germanic and Slavic languages that encircle it. Furthermore knowledge of science and technology among the general public is generally low, regardless of nationality. However this is changing. As the impact science and technology have on our lives becomes more apparent, awareness is raising. Hungary now possesses one of the largest venture capital markets in central and Eastern Europe with this being a major growth area for the Hungarian economy.  Software engineering, biotechnology and cloud computing are all just some of the start-ups transforming Budapest in particular into a hub of multicultural interconnectivity. As globalization continues, one hopes the achievements of Hungary in science and technology become better known outside Hungary.